4G/5G Wireless Telecommunications Expansion: Public Health and Environmental Implications

by Dr. Cindy L. Russell | https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935118300161
Environmental Research, Volume 165, August 2018, Pages 484-495

I am highlighting the excellent paper, above, and am encouraging everyone to read it. I have written the following building on the ideas introduced in the paper’s abstract and conclusions. I added a section on Biologically-Based Electromagnetic Fields and Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation Exposure Guidelines

Abstract | EMF/RF-EMR Exposure Guidelines | Conclusions

Adapted from the paper’s abstract

The popularity, widespread use and increasing dependency on wireless broadband technologies has spawned a telecommunications revolution with increasing public exposure to pulsed, data-modulated, Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) at more and higher frequencies (and broader bandwidth on those frequencies) for longer periods of time — approaching constant exposures — 24/7/365. Using the public’s electromagnetic spectrum, private Telecom companies are being allowed to build a massive infrastructure in our public rights-of-way — a network of powerful antennas, radios and power supplies that will invade our neighborhoods and public spaces, and continually burn through terawatts of electricity — in order to unnecessarily spray large data-payloads, such as HD/4k videos, through-the-air from infrastructure antennas to a variety of devices and back again.

This is unnecessary because sending HD/4k videos (and Internet data) is accomplished much more directly, securely, reliably and energy-efficiently by installing fiber optic cables to the premises (FTTP) — an upgrade for which Californians already paid $16 Billion to our State Telecom Public Utility (AT&T California), which took the billions of dollars, but never completed the job. Instead, AT&T Corporate fraudulently transferred the balance of these public funds to its separate, private subsidiary, AT&T Moblilty, to build out its 4G/LTE Wireless network. No surprise, Verizon did the same in New York; Verizon was investigated and sued over this fraud — leading to a multi-billion dollar settlement in New York.

The FCC and the CPUC are of no help here because they are both captured agencies — they are both dominated by the industries that they presumably regulate, and operate more like branches of the Telecom companies than agencies that protect the public good.

Read: http://mystreetmychoice.com/press.html | http://mystreetmychoice.com/press.html#kushnick
http://scientists4wiredtech.com/2018/04/new-networks-institute-files-to-halt-proposed-verizon-ny-settlement/
http://ethics.harvard.edu/files/center-for-ethics/files/capturedagency_alster.pdf

What’s Coming Next

On the horizon, a new generation of even higher frequencies (24,000–90,000 MHz), with shorter wavelengths (ranging from around 100 millimeters down to 1 mm) are being added to the current 2G/3G/4G frequencies (700–2100 MHz) and corresponding wavelengths (ranging from 17" down to 6") to offer a panoply of frequencies/wavelengths that will aggregate enough bandwidth to power wireless video subscriptions and, eventually, the Internet of Things (IoT).

The Panoply of Microwave Frequencies/Wavelengths in a 4G/5G World

From http://scientists4wiredtech.com/microwave-primer/

  • 5G: 600 MHz = waves 20 inches long
  • 4G: 700 MHz = waves 17 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 800 MHz = waves 15 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 900 MHz = waves 13 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 1800 MHz = waves 7 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 2100 MHz = waves 6 inches long
  • Wi-Fi: 2450 MHz = waves 5 inches long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 3100 MHz to 3550 MHz = waves 3.8 to 3.3 inches long
  • 5G: 3550 MHz to 3700 MHz = waves 3.3 to 3.2 inches long
  • 5G: 3700 MHz to 4200 MHz = waves 3.2 to 2.8 inches long
  • 5G: 4200 to 4900 MHz = waves 2.8 to 2.4 inches long
  • Wi-Fi: 5800 MHz = waves 2.0 inches long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 24,250 to 24,450 MHz = waves 0.5 inch long
  • 5G: 25,050 to 25,250 MHz = waves 0.5 inch long
  • 5G: 25,250 to 27,500 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 27,500 to 29,500 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 31,800 to 33,400 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 37,000 to 40,000 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long
  • 5G: 42,000 to 42,500 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long
  • 5G: 57,000 to 64,500 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 64,000 to 71,000 MHz = waves 0.2 inch long
  • 5G: 71,000 to 76,000 MHz = waves 0.2 inch long
  • 5G: 81,000 to 86,000 MHz = waves 0.1 inch long

In 2018, we are living in a field of propaganda and distortion about the supposed benefits of the 4G/5G densification being pushed on local communities by the US Congress, the FCC, uninformed State Legislatures and Public Utility Commissions — all heavily-influenced by the Telecom company lobbyists’ hundreds of millions of dollars "invested" in our public officials to curry these favors. These so-called leaders, however, are not considering the downsides of such an unnecessary and massive 4G/5G Wireless densification because even these higher frequencies (24,000–90,000 MHz) have been shown to transmit data out 3,000 feet or farther:

View: No Cell Antennas Needed in Residential Areas (https://youtu.be/FwAsr1pC13Q)

Lowell McAdam, CEO of Verizon:

"When [Verizon] went out in these 11 [5G test] markets, we tested for well over a year, so we could see every part of foliage and every storm that went through. We have now busted the myth that [5G frequencies] have to be line-of-sight — they do not. We busted the myth that foliage will shut [5G] down . . . that does not happen. And the 200 feet from a home? We are now designing the network for over 2,000 feet from transmitter to receiver, which has a huge impact on our capital need going forward. Those myths have disappeared."

Jason L., Verizon Field Engineer:

"[Verizon 5G] is really high frequency [28,000 MHz and 39,000 MHz], so everybody thinks it doesn’t go very far, but it’s a really big pipe and so that’s what allows you to gain the super-fast speeds . . . We’re 3,000 feet away from our radio node. the cool thing about this is that we did not move the radio node. It’s pointing down to serve the customers in that area " . . . here even 3,000 feet away, we’re still getting 1,000 [Megabits per second] speeds . . . So now we’ve driven about 1/3 of a mile away [1,760 feet] from the radio node. we are still getting very good speeds even though we have foliage in between [800 Megabits per second]."

Downsides of The Misguided "Ready-Fire-Aim!" 4G/5G Densification Scheme

  • Wirelessly spraying video and internet data is incredibly energy-inefficient. Listen to this 6/12/18 public comment, which starts at 3:09:56 in the first video on this page: http://mystreetmychoice.com/petaluma.html

  • Fiber Optic broadband is far superior to Wireless broadband. Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) is much safer, more secure, more reliable and energy-efficient than Wireless.

  • Equipped with Fiber-to-the home, people can make emergency calls by both wired means (with corded phones using Voice over Internet Protocol – VoIP) or wireless means (using Wi-Fi calling). There is no need for in-building coverage from Wireless Carriers to handle these emergency calls; these calls can be safely connected via fiber optic or copper wirelines. So-cazlled “in-building” coverage is not the standard for judging a Significant Gap in Coverage. See: https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-9th-circuit/1406360.html

  • Health and safety hazards from 24/7/365 exposures to multi-frequency, multi-axial pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) remain unaddressed. The best protection is to ensure that RF-EMR exposures do not exceed levels known to cause biological effects: limit RF-EMR exposures to signal strengths from any single frequency to be no higher than -75 dBm and limit total power flux density (from all RF-EMR frequencies) no higher than 100 µW/m²

  • . . .while the Wireless industry and our "overly-influenced" elected representatives insist on keeping the "pedal to the metal" — without looking at the significant, convincing data that already show signficant harm from exposures to current Wireless 2G, 3G and 4G frequencies/wavelengths. The coming 5G millimeter-wave frequencies are less studied for human or environmental effects, but also show harm.

  • Despite the largely empty promises that the IoT and massive 4G/5G densified telecommunications network will give us convenient and easy lifestyles, it is argued that the addition of this millimeter-wave (mm-wave) 5G RF microwave radiation added to an already complex mix of 2G/3G/4G RF microwave radiation, will contribute to a negative public health outcome both for both our physical and mental health.

http://scientists4wiredtech.com/legislation/100-million-to-us-congress-from-big-telecom-and-cable/

Pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) is increasingly being recognized as a new form of environmental pollution. Like other common toxic exposures, the effects of RF-EMR will be problematic if not impossible to sort out epidemiologically as there no longer remains an unexposed control group. This is especially important considering that these adverse effects are likely magnified by exposures to other toxic agents — acting synergistically. Importantly, adverse health effects can be non-linear because the the data show that living systems have biological windows, meaning that effects can increase exponentially with exposures to power levels within a narrow window (Adey, 1994 1).

Since we are observing the first generation with a cradle-to-grave lifespan exposure to this level of man-made RF-EMR Electrosmog, it will be years or possibly decades before the true magnitude of health consequences are fully known, but much evidence of harm exists today. This makes the current push for 4G/5G and Wi-Fi densification in our residential neighborhoods, schools and public spaces imprudent and, very likely, hazardous.

This paper reviews relevant literature on the effects of RF-EMR exposures and the inadequacy of current national RF-EMR exposure guidelines. I will review current scientific literature on the health implications of exposures from 2G, 3G, 4G pulsed, data-modulated, Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) , as well as some of available literature on exposures to 5G mm-wave frequencies. The question of what constitutes a public health issue will be raised, as well as the need for a more intelligent approach when advancing new Wireless technologies.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935118300161

Biologically-Based Electromagnetic Fields and Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation Exposure Guidelines

BioInitiative, 2017: "A scientific benchmark of 30 µW/m² for lowest observed effect level for RF microwave radiation is based on mobile phone base station-level studies. Applying a ten-fold reduction to compensate for the lack of long-term exposure (to provide a safety buffer for chronic exposure) or for children as a sensitive subpopulation yields a 3 to 6 µW/m² RF Microwave Radiation exposure guideline"
http://www.bioinitiative.org/updated-research-summaries-december-2017/

Similar scientifically-based Electromagnetic Fields and Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation Exposure Guidelines are published by the International Institute for Building-Biology & Ecology:

ANOMALY –>  No Slight Severe Extreme FCC Guideline
RF Microwave Radiation (µW/m²) < 0.1 0.1–10 10–1,000 1,000 10,000,000
Magnetic Fields (mG) < 0.2 0.2–1 1–5 > 5 N/A
Electric Fields (V/m) < 1 1–5 5–50 50 N/A


    http://www.createhealthyhomes.com/richtwerte-2015-englisch.pdf

 Terms/Units defined:

  1. Anomaly: something different, abnormal, peculiar
    Example: Her C grade is an anomaly because she’s never earned anything but A’s and B’s before.
  2. µW/m² = microWatts or millionths of a Watt per square meter, which is a power flux density — the amount of electrical power that flows through a defined two-dimensional area
  3. mG = milliGauss or thousandths of a Gauss, which is a magnetic flux density — the amount of magnetic power that flows through a defined two-dimensional area. One Gauss is one Maxwell per square centimeter)
  4. V/m = Volts per meter, potential difference of one Volt existing between two points that are one meter apart.
  5. FCC Guideline = 10,0000 µW/m² for frequencies from 1,500 MHz to 300,000 MHz. Below 1,500 MHz, calculate (frequency/1,500) × 10,000,000. For example, the FCC guideline for 600 MHz is 4,000,000 µW/m² and for 900 MHz it is 6,000,000 µW/m². There is more information at http://scientists4wiredtech.com/regulation/rf-microwave-exposure-guidelines/

Discussion

  • One cannot miss the many orders-of-magnitude difference between these two numbers:

    • 10 µW/m²: an RF-EMR exposure level that can be biologically tolerated.
    • 10,000,000 µW/m²: an outdated, scientifically unsound, commercial guideline adopted by the FCC that serves only the Wireless industry’s business goals.
    • Independent Scientific data (research that is not funded the Wireless industry) show that RF-EMR exposures even 100,000 times lower than the FCC RF-EMR exposure guideline does not protect humans, animals, insects or plants from adverse biological effects.
    • 0.02 µW/m²: (which corresponds to -75dBm) is all that is needed for "five bars" signal strength on a cell phone, according to Wireless industry drive tests. This is explained in more detail here: http://mystreetmychoice.com/press.html#guidelines
  • Power Flux Density (PFD) measures only the rate of electrical power. PFD does NOT measure the total electrical power delivered over time, which would require the rate to be multiplied by the time of exposure, reported in a more relevant unit: µW-seconds/m² or µJoules/m².

    1. Note: you encounter a very similar unit whenever you pay your electric utility bill: you pay for kilowatt-hours of electrical power (the total power used), not just kilowatts (the rate at which the power was delivered).
    2. The importance of total exposure over time is self-evident to each of us with another form of electromagnetic radiation: exposures from the Sun. You can walk outside naked at mid-day on a sunny day and you will get a mild "sun tan", but if you stake yourself on the ground naked for five consecutive days, you will experience severe sun burn, skin damage and possibly the start of skin cancers. It is crystal clear that time of exposure matters for all forms of electromagnetic radiation, whether that is exposures from the sun or exposures from pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation.
    3. This is very similar to the problem of 24/7/365 RF-EMR exposures from Close Proximity Microwave Radiation Antenna – Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (CPMRA-WTFs) installed in communities very close to where people, live, work, play, sleep and heal. Living systems cannot biologically tolerate 24/7/365 RF-EMR exposures.
    4. Conclusion: We need be some areas without high levels of 24/7/365 RF-EMR exposures in our communities: residential zones, schools, parks and facilities used for child care, elder care, fire, police, and medical services.
  • Average µW/m² readings, as specified by the FCC, significantly under-report the levels of pulsed, data-modulated, RF microwave radiation exposures for two reasons —

    1. Peak RF microwave radiation exposures meter 100x–1000x higher than average RF microwave radiation for data-carrying, modulated, high-crest signals like Wi-Fi, 4G/LTE and 5G because of the duty cycle, inherent in these RF signals. Inexplicably, the FCC RF microwave radiation exposure guidelines only consider average RF microwave radiation exposures, which is a significant error because living organisms’ biology reacts to the sharp changes of RF microwave radiation from zero to peak levels and back again. This is more fully explained here: Palo Alto Whitewashes RF Microwave Radiation Exposure Hazards.
      http://scientists4wiredtech.com/2017/12/broadband-fail-palo-alto-1/
    2. The FCC RF microwave radiation exposure guidelines consider neither the time of exposure nor the total electrical power delivered over time, which is utter nonsense and scientifically unsound. This is more fully explained here: http://electrosensei.com/counter.html#counter.

Adapted from the paper’s conclusions

Although the proposed 4G/5G densification promises many uses and benefits — imagined and unimagined — it is increasingly clear that significant negative consequences to human health and ecosystems could occur if it is widely adopted. Current pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) frequencies/wavelengths. to which we are exposed, already act as a toxin to biological systems.

A moratorium on the deployment of 4G/5G densification is warranted, along with development of independent health and environmental advisory boards that include independent scientists who research the biological effects of RF-EMR exposures and significantly reduce the national guidelines for RF-EMR exposure levels. Sound regulatory policy regarding current and future telecommunications initiatives will require more careful assessment of risks and hazards to human health, environmental health, public safety, privacy, security and social consequences. Public health regulations need to be updated to match the findings of independent science and adopt biologically-based exposure standards — prior to further deployment of 4G or 5G densification.

Considering the findings from current science, the lack of relevant exposure standards based on known biological effects and the data gaps in research, we need to significantly reduce the population’s exposure to RF-EMR from all manmade sources. Laws or policies which restrict the full integrity of science and the scientific community with regards to health and environmental effects of Wireless technologies or other toxic exposures should be changed to enable unbiased, objective science to drive necessary public policies and regulation.

Climate change, fracking, toxic emissions and RF-EMR exposures from wireless devices all have something in common with smoking. There has been much denial and confusion about health and environmental hazards, along with industry’s insistence for absolute proof before regulatory action occurs (Frentzel-Beyme, 1994 2, Michaels, 2008 3).

There are many lessons we have must learn about the introduction of novel substances, which later became toxic environmental pollutants because we have not heeded warning signs from scientists (Gee, 2009 4). The threats of these common pollutants continue to weigh heavily on the health and well-being of our nation. Currently, we seem to accept these hazards as the price of progress. If we continue to ignore the findings of independent scientists and wait for unquestioned proof of harm, will it be too late at that point for some or all of us?

Footnotes


  1. Adey, 1993: W. Ross Adey, "Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields", Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 51:410-416 (1993) http://scientists4wiredtech.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/1993-Adey-Biological-Effects-of-Electromagneti-Fields.pdf 

  2. Frentzel-Beyme, 1994: R. Frentzel-Beyme, John R. Goldsmith on the usefulness of epidemiological data to identify links between point sources of radiation and disease. Public Health Rev., 22 (3–4) (1994), pp. 305-320; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7708942 

  3. Michaels, 2008: David Michaels, “Doubt is Their Product. How Industries Assault on Science Threatens Your Health" Oxford University Press (2008); https://www.amazon.com/Doubt-Their-Product-Industrys-Threatens/dp/019530067X 

  4. Gee, 2009: D. Gee, "Late lessons from early warnings: towards realism and precaution with EMF?: Pathophysiology, 16 (2–3) (2009), pp. 217-231, 10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.004; https://ccst.us/projects/smart/documents/013009Late_Lessons_EMF.pdf 

Sen. Thune Introduces Discriminatory and Preemptive Small Cell Bill

by Angelina Panettieri, Natrional League of Cityies, 202-626-3196, panettieri@nlc.org | Original article here.

The National League of Cities urges its members to immediately contact their Members of Congress, particularly Senators who sit on the Senate Commerce Committee, and URGE STRONG OPPOSITION to S.3157.

  • Link to S.3157 bill text
  • Link to S.3157 actions
  • Link to side-by-side comparison of proposed changes to 1996 TCA — Section 704
  • Link to roster of Senate Commerce Committee
  • Link to NLC form to send letters to your elected Senators and Representatives; please substitute your own letter text before clicking send.

On June 28, Senators John Thune (R-SD) and Brian Schatz (D-HI) introduced the Streamlining The Rapid Evolution And Modernization of Leading-Edge Infrastructure Necessary to Enhance Small Cell Deployment Act or STREAMLINE Small Cell Deployment Act (S.3157). The bill is focused, much like the recent FCC rulemaking efforts, on limiting the actions local governments can take on small cell wireless facility siting in an effort to make deployments cheaper, faster, and more consistent across jurisdictions.

While the FCC’s statutory authority to take these actions is questionable and can be easily challenged in court, congressional action to limit local authority would be permanently damaging. The bill would severely limit the ability of local governments in states without preemptive state small cell laws to govern wireless siting and would complicate implementation of new small cell laws in states that have passed them.

Continue reading “Sen. Thune Introduces Discriminatory and Preemptive Small Cell Bill”

The Inconvenient Truth About Cancer and Mobile Phones

Why does the Media dismiss claims about mobiles being bad for our health? Is that because studies showing a link to cancer have been cast into doubt by the industry?

by Mark Hertsgaard and Mark Dowie; Sat July 14, 2018 | Original “The Guardian” article here.

On 28 March this year, the scientific peer review of a landmark United States government study concluded that there is “clear evidence” that radiation from mobile phones causes cancer, specifically, a heart tissue cancer in rats that is too rare to be explained as random occurrence.

Eleven independent scientists spent three days at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, discussing the study, which was done by the National Toxicology Program of the US Department of Health and Human Services and ranks among the largest conducted of the health effects of mobile phone radiation. NTP scientists had exposed thousands of rats and mice (whose biological similarities to humans make them useful indicators of human health hazards) to doses of radiation equivalent to an average mobile user’s lifetime exposure.

The peer review scientists repeatedly upgraded the confidence levels that the NTP’s scientists and staff had attached to the study, fueling critics’ suspicions that the NTP’s leadership had tried to downplay the findings. Thus the peer review also found “some evidence” – one step below “clear evidence” – of cancer in the brain and adrenal glands.

Not one major news organization in the US or Europe reported this scientific news. But then, news coverage of mobile phone safety has long reflected the outlook of the wireless industry.

Continue reading “The Inconvenient Truth About Cancer and Mobile Phones”

Despite Health Hazards, FCC and (Uninformed States) Promote 4G/5G Densification

By Kaitlyn Mensing, Legal Intern and David Andrews, Ph.D., Senior Scientist
July 9, 2018 | Original article here.

The wireless communications industry is rushing to blanket the nation with next-generation networks (marketed as 4G/5G densification, which will use a panopoly of frequencies from 600 MHz to 90,000 MHz). Despite studies linking radiation from existing networks to cancer in lab animals, the Federal Communications Commission and many state legislatures are bowing to industry lobbyists and clearing the way for the 4G/5G densification.

The FCC recently voted to exclude 4G/5G Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (WTFs) from review under federal environmental and historic preservation laws, but the FCC was promptly sued by the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and four Native American tribes. Meanwhile, almost two dozen states have passed laws, pushed by wireless lobby groups, to override local ordinances that would regulate the siting of these new base stations, which could be installed on nearly every telephone pole in the U.S. Some states are considering similar legislation, while others, such as California, have vetoed bills designed to remove local rights in order to streamline the installation of Close Proximity Microwave Radiation Antenna – Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (CPMRA-WTFs).

Continue reading “Despite Health Hazards, FCC and (Uninformed States) Promote 4G/5G Densification”

The McConnell Rule is Law

. . . and Senate Democrats should sue to enforce it.

By Ken Levy, opinion contributor — 07/08/18 | Original The Hill article here.

Ken Levy is the Holt B. Harrison Professor of Law at Louisiana State University’s Paul M. Hebert Law Center. Follow him on Twitter @tardigrade18.


This week, President Trump will announce his nominee to replace Justice Anthony Kennedy on the United States Supreme Court. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has promised to schedule the nominee’s confirmation hearings for this fall, before the midterm elections.

If and when McConnell carries through on this promise, Senate Democrats should immediately file a federal lawsuit against him for violating the so-called “McConnell Rule.” (According to this rule, as McConnell himself stated on Feb. 13, 2016, “The American people should have a voice in the selection of their next Supreme Court Justice.”) The issue — whether the McConnell Rule is now binding precedent — would not be political (and therefore “nonjusticiable”) but rather fundamentally legal (and therefore “justiciable”).

The minority party needs to have some remedy, some legal recourse, when the majority leader is completely immune to considerations of fairness and consistency in his exercise of the Senate’s substantial constitutional powers. Imagine, for example, that McConnell suddenly stipulated that only 40 instead of 51 votes were necessary to confirm a Supreme Court nominee. Clearly, the validity of this rule change would be a constitutional question, rather than a political question, because it implicates a fundamental democratic principle: majority rule.

Continue reading “The McConnell Rule is Law”

Small Cell Towers Nixed at Monterey Planning Commission

by By Gary Baley | Cedar St. Times; Original article here.

In a 7-hour marathon Planning Commission meeting Thursday evening, commissioners overruled staff and voted 7-0 to deny telecom giant Verizon’s application for a small cell tower in the Monte Vista neighborhood of Monterey. The meeting, held in City Council chambers, lasted from 6 pm Thursday to 1 am Friday morning.


One can view the presentations, comments and decisions at the Monterey Planning Commission Meeting video here:




00:03:38 for General Public Comment  |  00:35:45 for Lee Afflerbach  |  
02:53:00 for Public Comment on Agendized Item  |  04:49:15 for the Vote/Applause


Continue reading “Small Cell Towers Nixed at Monterey Planning Commission”

Why the Landline Phone Will Never Go Away

By Paul Schrodt | July 5, 2018 1:43 p.m. ET | Original article here.

Once thought doomed, landline phones are answering the call of people who are sick of mobiles’ spotty service—and the constant pinging distractions of texts and alerts.

THE PIERCING RING of a home phone used to command respect. “That’s how I was raised: When the phone rings, you hop to it,” I heard my mom say recently as we chatted on my new landline phone. She finally got rid of her hard-wired phone because she couldn’t stop herself from answering it, even after it had primarily become a conduit for robotic telemarketing and fraud.

Despite its demotion to a means of harassment, though, the landline refuses to die. According to a 2017 U.S. government survey, about 44% of households still own traditional phones, down from 53% three years before—but still much higher than, say, the share of those buying vinyl records, another cultish throwback.

Continue reading “Why the Landline Phone Will Never Go Away”

FCC Asks DC Circuit To Pause Small Cell Rule Challenges

by Adam Lidgett, Law360, July 3, 2018; additional reporting by Bryan Koenig, Kelcee Griffis and Andrew Westney. Editing by Adam LoBelia. | Original article here.

The Federal Communications Commission asked the D.C. Circuit to put on hold combined challenges from Native American tribes and environmentalists to an agency rule exempting from environmental and historic reviews small-cell fixtures necessary for building up next-generation or 5G networks.

The FCC on Monday asked the court to hold in abeyance the consolidated cases challenging a decision to exclude various small wireless fixtures from reviews under the National Environmental Policy Act and National Historic Preservation Act. The agency said it received petitions from various entities asking it to administratively rethink the decision at issue, and that an action on reconsideration might be able to “narrow or further crystallize the scope of the issues that the court will need to review.”

“With the exception of one petition, all of these pending petitions for reconsideration raise at least one of the two principal questions presented by the petitions for review by this court, namely, whether the commission erred in concluding that small wireless facility deployments are exempt from NHPA and NEPA review, and whether the commission adequately consulted with Indian tribes,” the FCC said. “(Some of the petitions also ask the commission to address other issues, such as whether harms associated with radio frequency radiation provide a basis for the agency to reconsider its decision.)”

Continue reading “FCC Asks DC Circuit To Pause Small Cell Rule Challenges”

Wi-Fi is an Important Threat to Human Health

by Martin L. Pall, PhD, Environmental Research Volume 164, July 2018, Pages 405-416 | Original paper here.

Repeated Wi-Fi studies show that Wi-Fi causes the following seven effects

  • Oxidative stress,
  • Sperm/testicular damage,
  • Neuropsychiatric effects, including EEG changes,
  • Apoptosis (premature cell death),
  • Cellular DNA damage,
  • Endocrine changes, and
  • Calcium overload

There are seven repeatedly found Wi-Fi effects which have also been shown to be caused by other similar Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) exposures. Each of the seven should be considered, therefore, as established effects of Wi-Fi RF-EMR exposures. Each of these effects are also caused by exposures to other RF-EMR, with each such effect being documented in 10 to 16 reviews. Therefore, each of these seven RF-EMR effects are established effects of Wi-Fi and of other sources of RF-EMR.

Five properties of Non-thermal RF-EMR effects (occurring at RF-EMR levels many thousands of times lower than FCC RF-EMR exposure guidelines) are discussed:

  1. Pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation is, in most cases, more active than are non-pulsed RF-EMR;
  2. Artificial, manmade RF-EMR is polarized and such polarized RF-EMR is much more active than non-polarized RF-EMR;
  3. Dose response curves are non-linear and non-monotone;
  4. RF-EMR effects are often cumulative; and
  5. RF-EMR exposures may impact young people more than adults.

These general findings and data presented earlier on Wi-Fi effects were used to assess the Foster and Moulder (F&M) review of Wi-Fi. The F&M study claimed that there were seven important studies of Wi-Fi that each showed no effect. However, none of these were Wi-Fi studies, with each differing from genuine Wi-Fi in distinct ways.

  • F&M could, at most, conclude that there was no statistically significant evidence of an effect. The tiny numbers studied in each of these seven F&M-linked studies show that each of them lack statistical power to make any substantive conclusions.

  • It follows from these various findings that the placement of Wi-Fi into schools around the country may well be a high level threat to the health of our children as well being a threat to teachers and any very sensitive fetuses teachers may be carrying, as well.

  • In conclusion, there are seven repeatedly found Wi-Fi effects which have also been shown to be caused by other similar RF-EMR exposures. Each of the seven should be considered, therefore, as established effects of Wi-Fi.

T-Mobile and Sprint at Senate Hearing

by Dan Jones, Mobile Editor 6/28/2018 | Original article here.

T-Mobile’s CEO and Sprint’s executive chairman banged the drum for their 5G plans in a lengthy hearing before a Senate Committee Wednesday: Game of Phones: Examining the Competitive Impact of the T-Mobile – Sprint Transaction

"We’ll make sure that America wins the global 5G race," T-Mobile US Inc. CEO John Legere told the Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights. The $26.5 billion merger is expected to close in the first half of 2019, if approved by regulators. (Link to "T-Mobile to Buy Sprint for $26.5B to Create US 5G Powerhouse".)

Legere and Sprint Corp. executive chairman Marcelo Claure talked frequently about the 5G issue and especially the spectrum needed to deploy it. (Link to "Can the ‘New’ T-Mobile Make America’s Networks Great Again?")

In particular, the pair referred to the 600MHz and 2.5GHz bands that the operators will begin to use for 5G in 2019, if the merger is approved. "It’s a starting point," Claure, although said they would look to add more millimeter wave high-band spectrum as it gets auctioned.

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