Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation Exposure Guidelines

Dr. Andrew A. Marino on the Hazards of EMFs and RF Microwave Radiation

Are SAR measurements useful in your research?
More here

Marino:

In connection with understanding mobile phone fields, none whatsoever. I think they’re meaningless with regard to that application.

Why are SAR measurements meaningless?

Dr. Marino:

Several reasons. First you need to understand where SAR came from. I was there when SAR was invented. Richard Phillips, Don Justesen, Saul Michaelson, Herman Schwann, these were men who created SAR, whose mind gave rise to it.

And the reason they did was because they were interested in developing microwave ovens and in understanding how to cook meat. And it’s useful for understanding how to cook meat. But it has no application whatsoever, that I have ever seen suggested or advanced, for understanding mobile phones.

SAR works for dead muscle. It has just no applicability in my opinion for live brain.

Why are SAR measurements not applicable to the live brain?

Dr. Marino:

Because the health hazards associated with mobile phone fields have nothing to do with heat. So it makes no sense to say, “I have a really great way of measuring heat” when the measurement of heat is irrelevant to understanding health hazards. Any measurement that you make that has no connection with what you’re interested in is just a waste of time.

SAR can produce a lot of data and when the calculations of SAR are done they can produce beautiful pictures but the pictures are arbitrary and the measurements are meaningless. It’s quite clear that that’s the case.

Windheim Proves That The Emperor Has No Clothes

Nov 28, 2018: William F. Hammett, Professional Electrical Engineer
Spreads Industry Propaganda on Nov 28, 2018 in Elk Grove, CA (39:04 to 43:50)

Nov 28, 2018: Eric Windheim, Certified Electromagnetic Radiation Specialist
Tells the Truth on Nov 28, 2018 in Elk Grove, CA (3:02:23 to 3:07:40)


Dr. Trevor Marshall: How Radio Waves Make You Sicker
Dr. Trevor Marshall: Electrosmog Radiation – Effects

Dr. Marshall:

“A brain is not acting as a mass being heated; the brain is reacting as a radio receiver.”

dBm (decibel-milliwatts) is an abbreviation for the power ratio in decibels (dB) of the measured power referenced to one milliwatt (1 mW = 1/1,000 of a Watt). It is used in radio, microwave and fiber-optic communication networks as a convenient measure of absolute power because of its capability to express both very large and very small values in a short form.

dBm Power Density Comparison Land of . . .
0 dBm 5,800,000 µW/m² 32,000,000x higher FCC Guideline
-40 dBm 58 µW/m²  

Land of
Capacity

(No Preemption)

-45 dBm 18 µW/m² 1,000x higher  
-50 dBm 5.8 µW/m²    
-55 dBm 1.8 µW/m² 100x higher  
-60 dBm 0.58 µW/m²    
-65 dBm 0.18 µW/m² 10x higher  
-70 dBm .058 µW/m²    
75 dBm .018 µW/m² 5 Bars on a cell phone

Land of
Coverage

(Premption)

-80 dBm .0058 µW/m²    
-85 dBm 0.0018 µW/m² 1/10 lower  
-90 dBm 0.00058 µW/m²    
-95 dBm 0.00018 µW/m² 1/100 lower  
-100 dBm 0.000058 µW/m²    
-105 dBm 0.000018 µW/m² 1/1000 lower  
  • Current Microwave Radio-Frequency Radiation (RFR) exposure levels in 2018 = Premature Diseases of Aging.
  • All that is needed to make a call or text is RF Microwave radiation of -75 dBm (0.018 µW/m²)
  • RF Microwave radiation higher than -75 dBm (0.018 µW/m²) is hazardous, which makes densified 4G/5G so-called “Small Cell” cellphone towers installed in residential zones unacceptable.

47 CFR 2.1091 – Radiofrequency radiation exposure evaluation: mobile devices.

§ 2.1091

(d) The limits to be used for evaluation are specified in §1.1310 of this chapter. All unlicensed personal communications service (PCS) devices and unlicensed NII devices shall be subject to the limits for general population/uncontrolled exposure.

   (1) For purposes of analyzing mobile transmitting devices under the occupational/controlled criteria specified in § 1.1310 of this chapter, time-averaging provisions of the guidelines may be used in conjunction with typical maximum duty factors to determine maximum likely exposure levels.

   (2) Time-averaging provisions may not be used in determining typical exposure levels for devices intended for use by consumers in general population/uncontrolled environments as defined in § 1.1310 of this chapter. However, "source-based" time-averaging based on an inherent property or duty-cycle of a device is allowed. An example of this is the determination of exposure from a device that uses digital technology such as a time-division multiple-access (TDMA) scheme for transmission of a signal. In general, maximum average power levels must be used to determine compliance.

Guideline Differences Among 4G/5G Wavelengths/Frequencies

Year Organization Wavelengths Frequencies Velocity Power Density Description
(inches) (MHz) (mph) (µW/m²)  
1996 FCC 22.6 600 671,000,000 4,000,000 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 19.4 700 671,000,000 4,666,667 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 17.0 800 671,000,000 5,333,333 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 15.1 900 671,000,000 6,000,000 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 13.5 1,000 671,000,000 6,666,667 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 12.3 1,100 671,000,000 7,333,333 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 11.3 1,200 671,000,000 8,000,000 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 10.4 1,300 671,000,000 8,666,667 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 9.6 1,400 671,000,000 9,333,333 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 9.0 1,500 671,000,000 10,000,000 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
1996 FCC 8.5 to 0.1 1,600 to 100,000 671,000,000 10,000,000 MPE for general population/uncontrolled exposure (time-averaged)
2012 BioIntiative 22.6 to 9.0 600 to 1,500 671,000,000 3 to 6 MPE for general population to pulsed, data-modulated RF microwave radation (peak)
2012 BioIntiative 8.5 to 0.1 1,600 to 100,000 671,000,000 3 to 6 MPE for general population to pulsed, data-modulated RF microwave radation (peak)
Legend
  • FCC = Federal Communications Commission
  • MHz = MegaHertz or thousands of times per second
  • mph = miles per hour
  • MPE = Maximum Public Exposure
  • µW/m² = a rate of exposure for an unlimited amount of time (not total exposure in a set period of time) in millionths of a Watt (or microWatts) spread over a square meter
Sources:

FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation (‘RMR’)
Reported as Average RMR

Frequency range (MHz) Electric field strength (V/m) Magnetic field strength (A/m) Average Power density (µW/m²) Averaging time (minutes)
0.30-1.34 614 1.63 (1,000,000,000)* 30
1.34-30.00 824/f 2.19/f (1,800,000,000/f²)* 30
1.3 1,000,000,000 30
1.5 800,000,000 30
3.0 200,000,000 30
10.0 18,000,000 30
15.0 8,000,000 30
25.0 2,880,000 30
30-300 27.5 0.073 2,000,000 30
300-1,500 (f/1500)*10 million 30
600 4,000,000 30
700 4,670,000 30
800 5,330,000 30
900 6,000,000 30
1,000 6,670,000 30
1,250 8,330,000 30
1,500-100,000 10,000,000 30

*Plane-wave equivalent power density; f = frequency in MHz;


FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation
Translated to Peak RMR, which is at least 10x to 100x higher than Average RMR

Frequency range (MHz) Electric field strength (V/m) Magnetic field strength (A/m) Average Power density (µW/m²) Averaging time (minutes)
0.30-1.34 (1,000,000,000) x 100* 30
1.34-30.00 (1,800,000,000/f²) x 100* 30
1.3 100,000,000,000 30
1.5 80,000,000,000 30
3.0 20,000,000,000 30
10.0 1,800,000,000 30
15.0 800,000,000 30
25.0 288,000,000 30
30-300 200,000,000 30
300-1,500 (f/1500)* 1 billion 30
600 400,000,000 30
700 467,000,000 30
800 533,000,000 30
900 600,000,000 30
1,000 667,000,000 30
1,250 833,000,000 30
1,500-100,000 1,000,000,000 30


*Plane-wave equivalent power density; f = frequency in MHz; 1 µW/m² average RFR = 100 µW/m² peak RFR


BioIntiative Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation
Reported as Peak RMR

Frequency range (MHz) Electric field strength (V/m) Magnetic field strength (A/m) Power density (µW/m²) Averaging time (minutes)
0.30-1.34 5* N/A
1.34-30.00 5 N/A
1.3 5 N/A
1.5 5 N/A
3.0 5 N/A
10.0 5 N/A
15.0 5 N/A
25.0 5 N/A
30-300 5 N/A
300-1,500 5 N/A
600 5 N/A
700 5 N/A
800 5 N/A
900 5 N/A
1,000 5 N/A
1,250 5 N/A
1,500-100,000 5 N/A


*Recommendation is 3 to 6 µW/m²; mid-point is 4.5 µW/m², which rounds up to 5 µW/m²; f = frequency in MHz;


Link to the 1986 National Commission on Radiation Protection document (NCRP Report No. 86, Biological Effects and Exposure Criteria for Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields), NCRP-86.pdf, used by the FCC to set its pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) exposure guideline discussed negative health consequences at many different power levels of RF-EMR exposures — at power levels high enough to heat living tissue and at power levels much, much lower than that.