4G/5G Penetration

For an update, click this link to read US Cities with 5G Coverage.

Uh, oh . . . Foundational 4G/5G Security Vulnerability — Listen for Two Minutes

How do the US Wireless Carriers Stack Up in 2020?

  • Verizon covers more of the U.S. than any other wireless carrier.
  • You’ll almost always end up paying more for Verizon.

The average service price for wireless calling/data plans

  • $756/year for Verizon
  • $708/year for AT&T
  • $612/year for T-Mobile
  • $576/year for Sprint (now purchased by T-Mobile)
  • $180/year for Mint Mobile (T-Mobile MVNO)

The average phone price by carrier

  • $760 for Verizon
  • $501 for AT&T
  • $720 for Sprint,
  • $700 for T-Mobile

2G/3G/4G Network Penetration


4G/LTE network, by-carrier, reaches about 60-70% of the country

  • 70% for Verizon (800-922-0204 | Twitter: @vzwsupport)
  • 68% for AT&T
  • 62% for T-Mobile
  • 30% for Sprint (which has been purchase by T-Mobile)

Verizon lists 35 5G Cities

(of course, this means only partial 5G coverage).

  1. Atlanta
  2. Boise
  3. Boston
  4. Charlotte
  5. Chicago
  6. Cincinnati
  7. Cleveland
  8. Columbus
  9. Dallas
  10. Denver
  11. Des Moines
  12. Detroit
  13. Grand Rapids
  14. Greensboro
  15. Hampton Roads
  16. Hoboken
  17. Houston
  18. Indianapolis
  19. Kansas City
  20. Little Rock
  21. Los Angeles
  22. Memphis
  23. Miami
  24. Minneapolis
  25. New York City
  26. Omaha
  27. Panama City
  28. Phoenix
  29. Providence
  30. Salt Lake City
  31. San Diego
  32. Sioux Falls
  33. Spokane
  34. St. Paul
  35. Washington D.C.

Interestingly, Sacramento, one of the first Verizon 5G test cities is not on this list. We wonder why . . .

Problems With So-Called “small” Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (sWTFs)

sWTFs are falsely branded. They are 25 million times more powerful than Macro Cell Towers, once you consider the metric that matters — the intensities of the toxic pollutant (RF/MW radiation) that reaches second- and third-story bedrooms:

What Really Matters: Excessive Effective Radiated Power (ERP)
That Results in RF Microwave Radiation Intensities in 2nd-Story+ Bedrooms
Cell Tower Vertical Distance Off Ground Horizontal Distance Away Power in bedroom
small cell 35 feet 60 feet 50,000 avg. radiation units
Macro cell 200 feet 2,500 feet 0.002 avg. radiation units

Conclusion: 50,000 µW/m² from a so-called “small” cell is 25 million times more powerful than 0.002 µW/m² (-85 dBm) from a Macro cell —
Note: -85 dBm is a signal strength which provides 5 Bars of telecommunications service on a cell phone (source: link to The Truth About 4G/5G in Sacramento )

Sacramento, CA: 60 feet from home → children immediately sickened (© Windheim EMF Solutions) | San Francisco, CA: 10 feet from home → brain tumor diagnosed in three months | Santa Rosa, CA: 20 feet from home → home sold at 23% discount ($150,000+ loss in property value)

The rest of this page has been adapted from the Create Healthy Homes’ 5G Page

Q: My understanding is that the higher the frequency, the more data can be moved/carried on a wavelength. Is that right?

A: That is right, and it applies quite well to fiber optic cable frequencies, as well — those of visible light 405–790 THz.

  • 103 Hz = kHz or kiloHertz (AM/FM Radio)
  • 106 Hz = MHz or MegaHertz (low-band and mid-band wireless)
  • 109 Hz = GHz or GigaHertz (high-band wireless; mmWaves between 30 GHz and 300 GHz) more data
  • 1012 Hz = THz or TeraHertz (data pulsed on visible light frequencies via fiber-optic cables) even more data

The Panoply of USA RF Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) Frequencies/Wavelengths in a 4G/5G World

Source: US Senate Bill 19: the Mobile Now Act

With densified 4G/5G wireless, the panoply of harmful micro-wavelengths and modulation patterns to be deployed in nearly all public and private spaces — 24/ 7/365, forever — is harmful to all living organisms and therefore staggeringly dumb, since nearly all of our broadband needs are better met with FTTP: safe, secure, fast Fiber Optics to the Premises.

  • 5G: 600 MHz = waves 20 inches long
  • 4G: 700 MHz = waves 17 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 800 MHz = waves 15 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 900 MHz = waves 13 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 1800 MHz = waves 7 inches long
  • 3G/4G: 2100 MHz = waves 6 inches long
  • Wi-Fi: 2450 MHz = waves 5 inches long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 3100 MHz to 3550 MHz = waves 3.8 to 3.3 inches long
  • 5G: 3550 MHz to 3700 MHz = waves 3.3 to 3.2 inches long
  • 5G: 3700 MHz to 4200 MHz = waves 3.2 to 2.8 inches long
  • 5G: 4200 to 4900 MHz = waves 2.8 to 2.4 inches long
  • Wi-Fi: 5800 MHz = waves 2.0 inches long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 24,250 to 24,450 MHz = waves 0.5 inch long
  • 5G: 25,050 to 25,250 MHz = waves 0.5 inch long
  • 5G: 25,250 to 27,500 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 27,500 to 29,500 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 31,800 to 33,400 MHz = waves 0.4 inch long
  • 5G: 37,000 to 40,000 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long
  • 5G: 42,000 to 42,500 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long
  • 5G: 57,000 to 64,500 MHz = waves 0.3 inch long (unlicensed)
  • 5G: 64,000 to 71,000 MHz = waves 0.2 inch long
  • 5G: 71,000 to 76,000 MHz = waves 0.2 inch long
  • 5G: 81,000 to 86,000 MHz = waves 0.1 inch long

Pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) causes scientifically-established melatonin-suppression, immuno-suppression, and immediate/direct neurological damages, as well as other bio-effects — all which increase synergistically, not merely additively, with the increased complexity of many simultaneous wavelength deployments for 4G/5G antennas.

The plans for 5G call for deploying significantly more data bandwidth and, therefore, more data-per-second than ever deployed in the entirety of human history. This ill-advised plan would result in significantly more adverse bio-effects.. Even worse, 4G/5G RF-EMR is to be beam-formed and sprayed via 15-degree-wide beams, a deployment that approaches maser-like, direct-energy weapons (DEW). A maser is a microwave laser or microwave taser.

  • As a wavelength approaches body-part size, its absorption increases exponentially. Thus, microwaves, waves in the “size of life”, have been known for decades as the most bioactive and harmful RF-EMR. When a wavelength approximates a body dimension, resonance is achieved: the body part or whole body effectively becomes a concentrating antenna.

  • Similarly, this RF-EMR interferes with electronic medical devices. See Mobile Communications Safety pp. 65-94 — RF interference (RFI) of medical devices by mobile communications transmitters.

  • The ~20” waves (from 600 MHz T-Mobile 5G) penetrates deeply into human and animal bodies, maximizing harm in babies and small children.

  • The ~2” to 5” waves (from 2,450 MHz to 5,800 MHz Wi-Fi) target the primary organs: brain, heart, lungs, liver, thyroid, thymus, kidneys, genitalia, in humans and larger animals.

  • The 10 to 0.1 millimeter waves (from 30,000 MHz to 300,000 MHz) target the most critical organs of perception – eyes and ears – in addition to the body’s largest organ: the skin.

  • Resonating at the lengths of insect antennas, these mm microwaves can exterminate of pollinating insects such as bees and butterflies , and birds and all other wildlife, as well.

  • Farm animals are immediately harmed by 4G/5G RF-EMR — Initially torturesome to all living beings by way of neurologic interference, organisms.

  • Oppose all RF-EMR deployment in your neighborhood, municipality and state as vigorously as possible

What Frequencies Are U.S. Wireless Carriers Using for 4G+5G?

Let’s first divide the four major 5G players in the U.S. into three groups, depending upon the frequency band in which they operate for new 5G service. Those three groups would be low band, mid band and high, or mmWave, band.

Low-band 4G+5G Cell Service (600 MHz to 2,100 MHz)

  • Low-band 5G from T-Mobile at 600 MHz
  • Low-band 5G from AT&T at 850 MHz

The carriers are also installing 4G small Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (sWTFs) with antennas that are highly- modulated, LTE-Advanced™ technologies transmitting in the low-band. These antennas can be converted to 5G with a simple software upgrade, with no additional physical installation needed.

Specifically, Verizon will be using Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) on their 700 MHz and 850 MHz low-band frequencies to enable their 4G combination low- and mid-band antennas to switch seamlessly between 4G and 5G, depending upon demand. To transition from the existing 4G LTE-only radio core to a 4G+5G radio core, Verizon and other carriers are deploying the EUTRAN-NR Dual Connectivity (ENDC) — E-UTRAN is of course LTE, in everyday speak, and New Radio (NR) is the 5G radio network. This situation where both LTE and 5G NR cores can be used is called non-standalone, or NSA, protocol. It will be in place until such time as carriers build out a completely new 5G NR Core (5GC), called standalone, or SA protocol.

Mid-band 5G Cell Service (2,200 MHz to 5,900 MHz)

  • Mid-band 5G from Sprint at 2,500 MHz
  • Mid-band 5G Verizon (and other carriers) at 5.2 GHz

The FCC is auctioning more mid-band spectrum to all three carriers from the CBRS (Citizens Band Radio Spectrum) band, at 3.5 GHz, and C-band, currently used for satellite TV transmissions, at 3.7-4.2 GHz

The Carriers are also installing 4G small Wireless Telecommunications Facilities (sWTFs) with highly modulated, LTE-Advanced™ technologies transmitting in the mid-band that convert to 5G with software upgrades. As in the low band, Verizon will be using Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) to allow their low- and mid-band 4G transmitters to switch seamlessly between 4G and 5G, depending upon demand. As in the low-band, Verizon and other carriers are also using ENDC in the non-standalone mode in the mid-band to transition from the existing only 4G LTE-based radio core to add 5G NR, at existing macro cell sites and new small sWTF sites via a software update.

New Unlicensed WiFi Service, just above (5,900-7,100 MH)

The FCC is set to open up unlicensed 6,000 MHz to cell carriers and others for expanded public WiFi 6 coverage for next-generation devices. The FCC will auction spectrum between 5,900-7,100 MHz This will be additional unlicensed frequency, adding to existing unlicensed frequencies used for WiFi at 2.,400 MHz and 5,000-5,800 MHz, and by some router manufacturers at 60 GHz

High-band, mmWave 5G Cell Service (at 20,000-28,000 MHz and 39,000 MHz)

  • T-Mobile (very limited, if any)
  • AT&T (some business installations only at 24,000 MHz)
  • Verizon (consumer installations at 28,000 and 39,000 Mhz)

How Each Carrier Has Deployed 5G as of the End of 2019

  • T-Mobile (now merged with Sprint) provides low-band 5G coverage at 600 MHz to 200 million people. Any 4G/5G antenna transmitting below 2 GHz will not send its 5G signals with beam-forming. Click here for coverage map of T-Mobile’s nationwide low band 5G service Nationwide low band 5G service available on Samsung Galaxy Note10+ 5G and and One Plus 7T Pro 5G McLaren phones T-Mobile’s high band, mmWave 5G offerings are only available in limited dense urban areas of six cities: New York, Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Dallas, Cleveland and Atlanta. Click here for coverage map of T-Mobile’s more limited mmWave 5G service T-Mobile’s mmWave 5G service is available on Samsung Galaxy S10 5G phones

  • Sprint (now merged with T-Mobile) provides mid-band "True Mobile" 5G service at 2,500 MHz in large areas within nine cities: Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, Kansas City, Los Angeles, New York, Phoenix, and Washington, DC. These 5G massive MIMO antennas are currently only being installed at Sprint’s existing 4G LTE macro cell antenna sites. Spring is contemplating also installing 5G sWTF antennas in the future. Click here for more details about Sprint’s current mid-band 5G service. Available on LG V50 ThinQ, Samsung Galaxy S10 5G and HTC 5G Hub phones Sprint 5G customers will be required to turn on VoLTE (Voice over LTE) In addition to their mid band 5G service, Sprint has upgraded and added to their existing 4G LTE network (in the low and mid bands) to create their new "LTE-Advanced" network, discussed here. It reportedly provides 2X faster 4G service in cities throughout the U.S. on the list seen [here](https://www.sprint.com/content/dam/sprint/campaigns/network/LTE Advanced List.pdf) and on their national coverage map here. On their national map, which provides a great deal of street by street specificity, click the "+" in the upper left corner to zoom in. When the box, "Coverage depends on your device" comes up, choose "No thanks, show me all coverage". Then click on "Legend" to see their cell coverage, including 5G and various types of 4G service.

  • AT&T provides low band "5G Evolution (5GE)" (i.e. 4G service falsely labeled as 5G) coverage to "over 500 markets". Planning for nationwide coverage by first half of 2020. Low-band 5G service is available to all customers "Enabling faster speeds on our existing (4G) LTE network". Click here and here for more details. Click here for a list of 26 phones that provide AT&T’s 5GE service AT&T also offers "5G+" mmWave service to business customers only, in limited locations within 25 cities. 5G+ mmWave service; plans are to expand to 35 cities by early 2020.

  • Verizon provides Ultra-Wideband 5G mmWave service on certain treets within limited dense urban areas in 31 cities. The company has also deployed limited 5G service in 16 NFL stadiums, with plans to cover all 32 by the end of 2021. Verizon also has some upper mid-band holdings at 5,200 MHz, and it is planning, along with all cell carriers, to bid on the new 3,500 MHz and 3,700-4,200 MHz spectrum coming up for auction in 2020. Click here for Verizon’s 5G service map. It does not give you the street by street specificity that 5G coverage maps do on other carrier’s websites. Verizon 5G service is available on Samsung Galaxy Note10+ 5G, LG V50 ThinQ 5G, Samsung Galaxy S10 5G and Motorola Moto Z4 phones. Verizon plans to provide 20 models with 5G capabilities in 2020

How Do the Three Frequency Bands Differ by Characteristics?


600 MHz to 2,000 MHz are the longest wavelengths (20 in., down to 12 in.) Currently used for 4G LTE and new 5G service (dubbed "Enhanced 4G" or "5G Lite" by industry) Moderately faster frequencies (meaning, faster data download speeds than existing 4G, increasing from 20-30 to 30-250 Megabits per second (Mbps), but slower than high, mmWave band 5G download speeds) Signals travel up to seven miles for 4G macro cell signals. New low-band 5G signals touted to cover "hundreds of miles" from a single tower (see here for reference) The spray of pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) signal coming out of 4G and 5G low-band antennas 120 degrees side to side and 30 degrees, top to bottom. Signals are always-on, bathing houses and urban areas with continuous RF-EMR signals, which can pass easily through walls, and deep into homes, commercial buildings and deep into people, as well. Low-band is easy to measure with currently available RF-EMR meters. Shielding is possible with paint, foil, window film & screen, and fabric, but difficult to execute well.


2,000 MHz to 6,000 MHz still have long wavelengths (12 in. down to 4 in.) and is currently used for 4G LTE and new 5G service that is dubbed "Enhanced 4G" or "5G Lite" by the Wireless industry. Moderately faster frequencies (meaning, faster data download speeds than existing 4G and low-band 5G, increasing to 100-900 Mbps, but still lower than high, mmWave band 5G download speeds). Signals still travel for miles. Signal plumes or cones are wide, up to 120 degrees side to side and top to bottom. 4G LTE signals are always-on, bathing neighborhoods with continuous RF. Can still pass easily through walls deep into homes and commercial buildings Beam-forming possible for 4G LTE-Advanced and mid band 5G service Also easy to measure with currently available RF meters Shielding is still possible with paint, foil, window film & screen, and fabric.

High-band, mmWave

Above 20 GHz, wavelengths are very short (one-half inch, or only several mm) Currently used for new 5G service only (no 4G service at these frequencies). Faster frequencies (meaning, fastest data download speeds, up to 1,000-3,000 Mbps) Signals travel up to 3,000 feet per Verizon, or about up to one square mile. Signals are beam-formed and narrow, 15-20 degrees wide. Signals are idle until sent out on-demand when requested by a mmWave 5G-enabled handheld device (or fixed wireless Internet Consumer Equipment Unit for Verizon’s Fixed Wireless Internet service — a service that virtually no one is buying in Sacramento.) High-band signals cannot easily pass through walls into homes and commercial buildings unless beam-formed, and even then, passage is difficult through walls Low-E glass. 5G hand-held device (cell phone) must be relatively stationary to stay connected. High-band 5G signals cannot be measured at all with currently available RF-EMR meters and shielding is not as easy. Only paint and foil (and Aaronia Silver Fabric) are expected to be effective.