5G Wavelengths — From Blankets to Bullets

by Arthur Firstenberg; original article here.

The single most important fact about 5G that nobody is talking about is called Phased Arrays. It will totally change the way cell towers and cell phones are constructed and will transform the blanket of radiation which has enveloped our world for two decades into a million powerful beams whizzing by us at all times. Blake Levitt, author of Electromagnetic Fields: A Consumer’s Guide to the Issues and How to Protect Ourselves (Harcourt Brace, 1995), brought this to my attention.

Phased arrays were one of the first things I learned about in the very beginning of my long, involuntary journey from medical student to campaigner against wireless technology. After I was injured by X-rays in 1980, I began to read everything I could get my hands on that had to do with electromagnetic radiation and its effects on life. And one of the first books I read was Paul Brodeur’s The Zapping of America: Microwaves, Their Deadly Risk, and the Coverup (W.W. Norton, 1977). Brodeur wrote other excellent books, listed here.

Early warnings

Brodeur was a staff writer for the New Yorker who had purchased property on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, only to discover that 30 miles inland, across the bay from his future home, the Air Force was planning to construct the world’s most powerful radar station. It was going to scan the Atlantic Ocean as a key early warning element protecting us against the threat of sea-launched ballistic missiles from the Soviet Union.

Although it emitted an average power of only 145,000 watts, similar to some FM radio stations, it did not broadcast that energy from only a single antenna and it did not spread that energy out uniformly in all directions. Instead, it had 3,600 antennas arranged in two “phased arrays” of 1,800 antennas each. The antennas in each array worked together as a unit to focus all their energy into a narrow, steerable beam. Each beam had an effective radiated power of four billion watts, and the peak radiation level exceeded 3,000,000 µW/m² at a distance of ten miles in front of the radar station. The facility was called PAVE PAWS (Precision Acquisition of Vehicle Entry Phased Array Warning System).

The Defense Department acknowledged in a 1975 report, quoted by Brodeur, that such systems

“energize thousands of operational elements, are electronically steered at high search rates, and operate at a frequency range having a maximum whole body energy transfer to man and for which little bio-effects data exists.”

Shortly after I read this, I discovered firsthand what some of the bio-effects were. Attempting to finish my M.D. almost cost me my life. I collapsed one day with all the symptoms of a heart attack, whereupon I resigned from school and moved up to Mendocino to recover. There I was in the path of the other PAVE PAWS, the one that scanned the Pacific Ocean. This PAVE PAWS was due east of Mendocino, in California’s Central Valley at Beale Air Force Base.

For nine months, every evening at precisely 7:00 p.m., no matter where I was or what I was doing, my chest would tighten and I would be unable to catch my breath for the next two hours. At precisely 9:00 p.m., my body would relax and I could breathe. I lived in Mendocino from 1982 through 1984, and although I eventually recovered my health, I was always aware of an uncomfortable pressure in my chest whenever I was on the coast. I also lived in Mendocino from 1999 to 2004, and felt that same discomfort whenever I was there, and always felt it suddenly vanish when I drove out of range of PAVE PAWS, and suddenly return at the same point on my journey home.

Directed beams

5G is going to be at a much higher frequency range, which means the antennas are going to be much smaller—small enough to fit inside a smartphone — but like in PAVE PAWS they are going to work together in a phased array, and like in PAVE PAWS they are going to concentrate their energy in narrow, steerable high power beams. The arrays are going to track each other, so that wherever you are, a beam from your smartphone is going to be aimed directly at the base station (cell tower), and a beam from the base station is going to be aimed directly at you. If you walk between someone’s phone and the base station, both beams will go right through your body. The beam from the tower will hit you even if you are standing near someone who is on a smartphone. If you are in a crowd, multiple beams will overlap and be unavoidable.

At present, smartphones emit a maximum of about two watts, and usually operate at a power of less than a watt. That will still be true of 5G phones, however inside a 5G phone there may be 8 tiny arrays of 8 tiny antennas each, all working together to track the nearest cell tower and aim a narrowly focused beam at it.

The FCC has recently adopted rules allowing the effective power of those beams to be as much as 20 watts . Now if a handheld smartphone sent a 20-watt beam through your body, it would far exceed the exposure limit set by the FCC. What the FCC is counting on is that there is going to be a metal shield between the display side of a 5G phone and the side with all the circuitry and antennas. That shield will be there to protect the circuitry from electronic interference that would otherwise be caused by the display and make the phone useless. But it will also function to keep most of the radiation from traveling directly into your head or body, and therefore the FCC is allowing 5G phones to come to market that will have an effective radiated power that is ten times as high as that of 4G phones.

What this will do to the user’s hands, the FCC does not say. And who is going to make sure that when you stick a phone in your pocket, the correct side is facing your body? And who is going to protect all the bystanders from radiation that is coming in their direction that is ten times as strong as it used to be? And what about all the other 5G equipment that is going to be installed in all your computers, appliances, and automobiles?

The FCC calls handheld phones “mobile stations.” Transmitters in cars are also “mobile stations.” But the FCC has also issued rules for what it calls ”transportable stations,” which it defines as transmitting equipment that is used in stationary locations and not in motion, such as local hubs for wireless broadband in your home or business. The FCC’s new rules allow an effective radiated power of 300 watts for such equipment.

Enormous power

The situation with cell towers is worse. So far the FCC has approved the following frequencies/wavelengths for 5G Wireless base stations with wavelengths calculated here:

  • 24 GHz (wavelength = 12.5 millimeters = 0.49 inches)
  • 28 GHz (wavelength = 10.7 millimeters = 0.42 inches)
  • 38 GHz (wavelength = 7.9 millimeters = 0.31 inches)
  • 39 GHz (wavelength = 7.7 millimeters = 0.30 inches)
  • 48 GHz (wavelength = 6.2 millimeters = 0.24 inches)

. . . and the FCC is proposing to add to the soup, the following frequencies/wavelengths:

  • 32 GHz (wavelength = 9.4 millimeters = 0.37 inches)
  • 42 GHz (wavelength = 7.1 millimeters = 0.28 inches)
  • 50 GHz (wavelength = 6.0 millimeters = 0.23 inches)
  • 71–76 GHz (wavelength = 4.2–3.9 millimeters = 0.17–0.16 inches)
  • 81–86 GHz (wavelength = 3.7–3.5 millimeters = 0.15–0.14 inches)
  • 95 GHz and higher (wavelength = 3.2 millimeters = 0.13 inches and smaller)

These tiny wavelengths require tiny antennas. At 48 GHz, an array of 1,024 antennas measures only 4 inches square. The maximum input power from a base station will probably not be that large — tens or hundreds of watts — but just as with PAVE PAWS, arrays containing such large numbers of antennas will be able to channel the energy into highly focused beams, and the Effective Radiated Power (ERP) will be enormous.

The rules adopted by the FCC allow a 5G base station operating in the millimeter range to emit an effective radiated power of up to 30,000 watts per 100 MHz of spectrum. And when you consider that some of the frequency bands the FCC has made available will allow Telecom companies to buy up to 3 GHz of contiguous spectrum at auction, they will legally be allowed to emit an effective radiated power of up to 900,000 watts if they own that much spectrum. The Wireless base stations emitting power like that will be located on the sidewalk. They will be small rectangular structures mounted on top of utility poles.

The reason the companies want so much power is because millimeter waves are easily blocked by objects and walls and require tremendous power to penetrate inside buildings and communicate with all the devices that we own that are going to part of the Internet of Things. The reason such tiny wavelengths are required is because of they are projecting the need to Wirelessly transfer an enormous amount of data — many thousands of times more than we transfer today — in order to enable so-called "smart" homes, cars, and cities. But this is just hyperbole being used to fool our elected officials and much — but not all of — the public while they install a mass-surveillance and crowd control grid that violates our inalienable rights to privacy and safety, as guaranteed by the US Constitution and many state constiututions.

5G Wireless base stations have to be very close together — 100 meters or so apart — and they have to blast out their signals in order to get them inside homes and buildings. And the only way to do this economically is with phased arrays and focused beams that are aimed directly at their targets. What happens to birds that fly through the beams, the FCC does not say. And what happens to utility workers who climb utility poles and work next to these structures everyday?

Deep penetration into the body

Another important fact about radiation from phased array antennas is that it penetrates much deeper into the human body. The decades-old, scientifically-refuted assumptions — upon which FCC’s RF Microwave radiation exposure guidelines are based — do not apply. This was brought to everyone’s attention by Dr. Richard Albanese of Brooks Air Force Base in connection with PAVE PAWS and was reported on in Microwave News in 2002.

When an ordinary electromagnetic field enters the body, it causes charges to move and currents to flow. But when extremely short electromagnetic pulses enter the body, something else happens: the moving charges themselves become little antennas that re-radiate the electromagnetic field and send it deeper into the body. These re-radiated waves are called Brillouin precursors. They become significant when either the power or the phase of the waves changes rapidly enough. 5G will probably satisfy both requirements. This means that the reassurance we are being given — that these millimeter waves are too short to penetrate far into the body — is not true.

In the United States, AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, and T-Mobile are all competing to have 5G towers, phones, and other devices commercially available as early as the end of 2018. No pre-market safety-testing; the Trump-FCC Majority (Chairman Pai and Commissioners O’Rielly and Carr) is following the orders of their real bosses (the Koch Brothers, AT&T, Verizon, Sprint and T-Mobile) and just rolling this out. While the FCC repeals Net Neutrality regulations and allows their bosses to shut off our legacy copper landline service, their plan is to provide only 4G/5G Wireless phone and Internet service to large areas of America.

The FCC’s 2017 Shut Off the Copper proceeding: Docket 17-84 "Accelerating Wireline Broadband Deployment by Removing Barriers to Infrastructure Investment" and its 2017 Repeal Net Neutrality Regulations proceeding:Docket 17-108 "Restoring Internet Freedom" — which means freedom for Verizon, AT&T, Comcast and other large Internet Service Providers to do as they wish, not the Internet freedom of the public who are being stripped of any effective consumer protections from and accountability of these Telecom giants.

AT&T already has experimental licenses and has been testing 5G-type base stations and user equipment at millimeter wave frequencies in

  1. Middletown, NJ
  2. Kalamazoo, MI
  3. South Bend, IN
  4. Austin, TX
  5. Dallas, TX
  6. Grapevine, TX
  7. Plano, TX
  8. Waco, TX

Verizon has experimental licenses and has been conducting trials in

  1. Atlanta, GA
  2. Washington, DC
  3. Arlington, VA
  4. Bailey’s Crossroads, VA
  5. Chantilly, VA
  6. Falls Church, VA
  7. Brockton, MA
  8. Natick, MA
  9. Bernardsville, NJ
  10. South Plainfield, NJ
  11. Ann Arbor, MI
  12. Houston, TX
  13. Euless, TX
  14. Cypress, TX
  15. Sacramento, CA

Sprint has experimental licenses in:

  1. Bridgewater, NJ
  2. New Brunswick, NJ
  3. South Plainfield, NJ;
  4. San Diego, CA

T-Mobile has experimental licenses in:

  1. Bellevue, WA
  2. Bothell, WA
  3. San Francisco.