by Martin L. Pall, PhD, Environmental Research Volume 164, July 2018, Pages 405-416 | Original paper here.
Repeated Wi-Fi studies show that Wi-Fi causes the following seven effects
- Oxidative stress,
- Sperm/testicular damage,
- Neuropsychiatric effects, including EEG changes,
- Apoptosis (premature cell death),
- Cellular DNA damage,
- Endocrine changes, and
- Calcium overload
There are seven repeatedly found Wi-Fi eﬀects which have also been shown to be caused by other similar Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation (RF-EMR) exposures. Each of the seven should be considered, therefore, as established eﬀects of Wi-Fi RF-EMR exposures. Each of these eﬀects are also caused by exposures to other RF-EMR, with each such eﬀect being documented in 10 to 16 reviews. Therefore, each of these seven RF-EMR eﬀects are established eﬀects of Wi-Fi and of other sources of RF-EMR.
Five properties of Non-thermal RF-EMR eﬀects (occurring at RF-EMR levels many thousands of times lower than FCC RF-EMR exposure guidelines) are discussed:
- Pulsed, data-modulated, Radio-frequency Electromagnetic Microwave Radiation is, in most cases, more active than are non-pulsed RF-EMR;
- Artiﬁcial, manmade RF-EMR is polarized and such polarized RF-EMR is much more active than non-polarized RF-EMR;
- Dose response curves are non-linear and non-monotone;
- RF-EMR eﬀects are often cumulative; and
- RF-EMR exposures may impact young people more than adults.
These general ﬁndings and data presented earlier on Wi-Fi eﬀects were used to assess the Foster and Moulder (F&M) review of Wi-Fi. The F&M study claimed that there were seven important studies of Wi-Fi that each showed no eﬀect. However, none of these were Wi-Fi studies, with each diﬀering from genuine Wi-Fi in distinct ways.
F&M could, at most, conclude that there was no statistically signiﬁcant evidence of an eﬀect. The tiny numbers studied in each of these seven F&M-linked studies show that each of them lack statistical power to make any substantive conclusions.
It follows from these various ﬁndings that the placement of Wi-Fi into schools around the country may well be a high level threat to the health of our children as well being a threat to teachers and any very sensitive fetuses teachers may be carrying, as well.
In conclusion, there are seven repeatedly found Wi-Fi effects which have also been shown to be caused by other similar RF-EMR exposures. Each of the seven should be considered, therefore, as established effects of Wi-Fi.